Aktuelle Publikationen

Auf dieser Seite finden Sie die chronologisch geordneten Veröffentlichungen unserer Wissenschaftler*innen aus den vergangenen Jahren.

Aktuelle Publikationen (Politik- und Verwaltungswissenschaft)

  • Artikel
  • Buch
  • Dissertation
  • Studien- / Abschlussarbeit
  • Tagungsbericht
  • Andere
  • (2023): Scanning SQUID Imaging of Reduced Superconductivity Due to the Effect of Chiral Molecule Islands Adsorbed on Nb Advanced Materials Interfaces ; 10 (2023), 8. - 2201899. - Wiley. - eISSN 2196-7350

    Scanning SQUID Imaging of Reduced Superconductivity Due to the Effect of Chiral Molecule Islands Adsorbed on Nb


    Unconventional superconductivity was realized in systems comprising a monolayer of magnetic adatoms adsorbed on conventional superconductors, forming Shiba-bands. Another approach to induce unconventional superconductivity and 2D Shiba-bands was recently introduced, namely, by adsorbing chiral molecules (ChMs) on conventional superconductors, which act in a similar way to magnetic impurities as verified by conductance spectroscopy. However, the fundamental effect ChMs have on the strength of superconductivity has not yet been directly observed and mapped. In this work, local magnetic susceptometry is applied on heterostructures comprising islands of ChMs (α-helix L-polyalanine) monolayers adsorbed on Nb. It is found that the ChMs alter the superconducting landscape, resulting in spatially-modulated weaker superconductivity. Surprisingly, the reduced diamagnetic response is located along the perimeter of the islands with respect to both their interior and the bare Nb. The authors suggest that topological edge-states forming at the edges are the source of the reduced superconductivity, akin to the case of magnetic islands. The results pave new paths for the realization of topological-superconductivity-based devices with changing order parameter.

  • (2023): Ultrastructural and proteomic evidence for the presence of a putative nucleolus in an Archaeon Frontiers in Microbiology ; 14 (2023). - 1075071. - Frontiers Media SA. - eISSN 1664-302X

    Ultrastructural and proteomic evidence for the presence of a putative nucleolus in an Archaeon


    Nucleoli are subcellular compartments where transcription and maturation of pre-ribosomal RNAs occur. While the transcription of ribosomal RNAs is common to all living cells, the presence and ultrastructure of nucleoli has been only documented in eukaryotes. Asgard-Archaea, the closest prokaryotic relatives of eukaryotes, and their near relatives TACK-Archaea have homologs of nucleolar proteins and RNAs in their genome, but the cellular organization of both is largely unexplored. Here we provide ultrastructural and molecular evidence for the presence of putative nucleolus-like subcellular domains in the TACK crenarchaeon Saccharolobus solfataricus (formerly known as Sulfolobus solfataricus ). Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) revealed consistent electron-dense fibro-granular compartments, also positive to the specific silver staining for nucleolar organizer regions (AgNOR). TEM also confirmed that ribosomal DNA (rDNA) is spatially distributed in non-random, clustered arrays underlying fine structures, as observed by ultrastructural in situ hybridization (UISH). To further explore these observations, proteomic sequencing of isolated bands from AgNOR-stained protein gels was conducted and compared against a compiled inventory of putative nucleolar homologs from the S. solfataricus P1 genome. Sequenced AgNOR-sensitive peptides encoded homologs of eukaryotic nucleoli proteins, enriched for nucleolus-related functions. Our results provide first evidence that subcellular domains of nucleolar-like nature are not exclusive to eukaryotes. Based on our data, we propose a model for a putative nucleolus in S. solfataricus . Whereas technical limitations and further aspects remain a matter for future functional studies, our data supports the origin of nucleoli within the common ancestor of Eukarya and TACK-Archaea, based on a two-domain tree of life.

  • Seabird morphology determines operational wind speeds, tolerable maxima, and responses to extremes


    Storms can cause widespread seabird stranding and wrecking,1,2,3,4,5 yet little is known about the maximum wind speeds that birds are able to tolerate or the conditions they avoid. We analyzed >300,000 h of tracking data from 18 seabird species, including flapping and soaring fliers, to assess how flight morphology affects wind selectivity, both at fine scales (hourly movement steps) and across the breeding season. We found no general preference or avoidance of particular wind speeds within foraging tracks. This suggests seabird flight morphology is adapted to a “wind niche,” with higher wing loading being selected in windier environments. In support of this, wing loading was positively related to the median wind speeds on the breeding grounds, as well as the maximum wind speeds in which birds flew. Yet globally, the highest wind speeds occur in the tropics (in association with tropical cyclones) where birds are morphologically adapted to low median wind speeds. Tropical species must therefore show behavioral responses to extreme winds, including long-range avoidance of wind speeds that can be twice their operable maxima. By contrast, Procellariiformes flew in almost all wind speeds they encountered at a seasonal scale. Despite this, we describe a small number of cases where albatrosses avoided strong winds at close range, including by flying into the eye of the storm. Extreme winds appear to pose context-dependent risks to seabirds, and more information is needed on the factors that determine the hierarchy of risk, given the impact of global change on storm intensity.6,7

  • (2023): Aufdeckung des Entstehungsmechanismus und Optimierung der Synthesebedingungen von geschichteten Doppelhydroxiden für die Sauerstoffentwicklungsreaktion Angewandte Chemie ; 135 (2023), 10. - e202215728. - Wiley. - ISSN 0044-8249. - eISSN 1521-3757

    Aufdeckung des Entstehungsmechanismus und Optimierung der Synthesebedingungen von geschichteten Doppelhydroxiden für die Sauerstoffentwicklungsreaktion


    Geschichtete Doppelhydroxide (LDHs), deren Bildung stark von der OH-Konzentration abhängt, haben in verschiedenen Bereichen großes Interesse geweckt. Die Auswirkung der Echtzeit-Änderung der OH− Konzentration auf die Bildung von LDHs wurde jedoch noch nicht vollständig erforscht, da die bestehenden Synthesemethoden für die in situ Charakterisierung nicht geeignet sind. Hier bietet die gezielt entwickelte Kombination aus NH3-Gasdiffusion und in situ pH-Messung eine Lösung für das oben genannte Problem. Die so erhaltenen Ergebnisse deckten den Bildungsmechanismus auf und führten dazu, dass wir eine Bibliothek von LDHs mit den gewünschten Eigenschaften in Wasser bei Raumtemperatur ohne jegliche Additive synthetisieren konnten. Nach der Bewertung ihrer Sauerstoffentwicklungsreaktionsleistung stellten wir fest, dass FeNi-LDH mit einem Fe/Ni-Verhältnis von 25/75 eine der besten, der bisher berichteten, Leistungen aufweist.

  • (2023): Tuning the growth morphology of gypsum crystals by polymers Cement and Concrete Research ; 164 (2023). - 107049. - Elsevier. - ISSN 0008-8846. - eISSN 1873-3948

    Tuning the growth morphology of gypsum crystals by polymers


    True control over the morphology of gypsum crystals formed via homogeneous precipitation from solution has rarely been reported in the literature. In this work, we have tested a large number of dissolved additives (polymers as well as small molecules) with respect to their ability to alter the typical microscopic appearance of precipitated gypsum powders, which is usually characterized by a mixture of single-crystalline needles and twinned plates. Among the many additives studied, a copolymer of vinylpyrrolidone and acrylic acid (PVP-co-PAA) was identified as powerful growth modifier for gypsum already at low concentrations. In both slow titration and rapid mixing experiments, unconventional blocky crystals with tilted stacking edges as well as pseudo-hexagonal plates could be synthesized reproducibly with the help of the copolymer. Systematic characterization revealed the dynamic mode of action of the newly identified growth modifier, which seems to stabilize a highly reactive face of gypsum and promote the formation of macrosteps. The degree of morphological control achieved in this way is unprecedented in the case of calcium sulfate and may devise entirely new concepts for additive design in the areas of plasters and cementitious materials, gypsum wallboard production and/or scale prevention.

  • (2023): The effects of left dorsolateral prefrontal transcranial direct current stimulation on episodic future thinking following acute psychosocial stress Memory ; 31 (2023), 3. - S. 380-392. - Taylor & Francis. - ISSN 0965-8211. - eISSN 1464-0686

    The effects of left dorsolateral prefrontal transcranial direct current stimulation on episodic future thinking following acute psychosocial stress



    Research on stress-related disorders and brain imaging suggests that (acute) stress might impact the capacity to mentally simulate specific episodic future events (EFT) through the effects of cortisol on brain regions supporting this cognitive function, such as the prefrontal cortices. This study aims to examine the mechanisms underlying this link, using transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS) over the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex.


    60 healthy participants were subjected to the Montreal Imaging Stress Task (MIST), followed by either active or sham tDCS. After stimulation, the EFT task was administered. Salivary cortisol was measured throughout the protocol.


    Higher cortisol AUCi values were linked to less specific episodic future thoughts. Moreover, active tDCS enhanced EFT specificity irrespective of cortisol, especially in high trait ruminators. We did not observe an effect from active tDCS on cortisol AUCi, and equally there was no interaction effect between cortisol AUCi and stimulation condition predictive for EFT specificity.


    Although we did not find evidence for the effects of tDCS on the HPA-system, our data reveal a crucial link between two critical predictors of mental health for the first time, and provide a solution to help rehabilitate EFT deficits.

  • (2023): Autosociobiography : A Travelling Form Comparative Critical Studies ; 20 (2023), 1. - S. 47-68. - Edinburgh University Press. - ISSN 1744-1854. - eISSN 1750-0109

    Autosociobiography : A Travelling Form


    In Germanophone and Francophone literary spaces, a genre by the name of autosociobiography has recently been the subject of increased attention, with texts by Annie Ernaux, Didier Eribon, Christian Baron, Richard Hoggart and others frequently being mentioned in this regard. While individual cases, such as the French reception of Richard Hoggart, have been studied before, this essay takes a broader approach and examines English-, French- and German-language texts in order to trace the complex itinerary of autosociobiography and sketch out the history of this emerging form in the second half of the twentieth century. In addition, we explore how the emergence of autosociobiography relates to international and supranational developments such as the expansion of higher education, economic recession and the rise of Neoliberalism after the Trente Glorieuses. Autosociobiography – so runs our thesis – is an attempt to reinstall a logic of the general in a ‘society of singularities’. Finally, our essay discusses the methodological problems that will be encountered in the study of autosociobiography as a travelling genre.

  • (2023): A Survey on Measuring Cognitive Workload in Human-Computer Interaction ACM Computing Surveys ; 2023. - ACM. - ISSN 0360-0300. - eISSN 1557-7341

    A Survey on Measuring Cognitive Workload in Human-Computer Interaction


    The ever-increasing number of computing devices around us results in more and more systems competing for our attention, making cognitive workload a crucial factor for the user experience of human-computer interfaces. Research in Human-Computer Interaction (HCI) has used various metrics to determine users’ mental demands. However, there needs to be a systematic way to choose an appropriate and effective measure for cognitive workload in experimental setups, posing a challenge to their reproducibility. We present a literature survey of past and current metrics for cognitive workload used throughout HCI literature to address this challenge. By initially exploring what cognitive workload resembles in the HCI context, we derive a categorization supporting researchers and practitioners in selecting cognitive workload metrics for system design and evaluation. We conclude with three following research gaps: (1) defining and interpreting cognitive workload in HCI, (2) the hidden cost of the NASA-TLX, and (3) HCI research as a catalyst for workload-aware systems, highlighting that HCI research has to deepen and conceptualize the understanding of cognitive workload in the context of interactive computing systems.

  • Guidelines for the Simulations of Nitroxide X-Band cw EPR Spectra from Site-Directed Spin Labeling Experiments Using SimLabel


    Site-directed spin labeling (SDSL) combined with continuous wave electron paramagnetic resonance (cw EPR) spectroscopy is a powerful technique to reveal, at the local level, the dynamics of structural transitions in proteins. Here, we consider SDSL-EPR based on the selective grafting of a nitroxide on the protein under study, followed by X-band cw EPR analysis. To extract valuable quantitative information from SDSL-EPR spectra and thus give a reliable interpretation on biological system dynamics, a numerical simulation of the spectra is required. However, regardless of the numerical tool chosen to perform such simulations, the number of parameters is often too high to provide unambiguous results. In this study, we have chosen SimLabel to perform such simulations. SimLabel is a graphical user interface (GUI) of Matlab, using some functions of Easyspin. An exhaustive review of the parameters used in this GUI has enabled to define the adjustable parameters during the simulation fitting and to fix the others prior to the simulation fitting. Among them, some are set once and for all (gy, gz) and others are determined (Az, gx) thanks to a supplementary X-band spectrum recorded on a frozen solution. Finally, we propose guidelines to perform the simulation of X-band cw-EPR spectra of nitroxide labeled proteins at room temperature, with no need of uncommon higher frequency spectrometry and with the minimal number of variable parameters.

  • (2023): Organic binary charge-transfer compounds of 2,2′ : 6′,2′′ : 6′′,6-trioxotriphenylamine and a pyrene-annulated azaacene as donors RSC Advances ; 13 (2023), 6. - S. 3652-3660. - Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC). - eISSN 2046-2069

    Organic binary charge-transfer compounds of 2,2′ : 6′,2′′ : 6′′,6-trioxotriphenylamine and a pyrene-annulated azaacene as donors


    Three binary charge-transfer (CT) compounds resulting from the donor 2,2′ : 6′,2′′ : 6′′,6-trioxotriphenylamine (TOTA) and the acceptors F4TCNQ and F4BQ and of a pyrene-annulated azaacene (PAA) with the acceptor F4TCNQ are reported. The identity of these CT compounds are confirmed by single-crystal X-ray diffraction as well as by IR, UV-vis-NIR and EPR spectroscopy. X-ray diffraction analysis reveals a 1 : 1 stoichiometry for TOTA·F4TCNQ, a 2 : 1 donor : acceptor ratio in (TOTA)2·F4BQ, and a rare 4 : 1 stoichiometry in (PAA)4·F4TCNQ, respectively. Metrical parameters of the donor (D) and acceptor (A) constituents as well as IR spectra indicate full CT in TOTA·F4TCNQ, partial CT in (TOTA)2·F4BQ and only a very modest one in (PAA)4·F4TCNQ. Intricate packing motifs are present in the crystal lattice with encaged, π-stacked (F4TCNQ-)2 dimers in TOTA·F4TCNQ or mixed D/A stacks in the other two compounds. Their solid-state UV-vis-NIR spectra feature CT transitions. The CT compounds with F4TCNQ are electrical insulators, while (TOTA)2·F4BQ is weakly conducting.

  • (2023): How Do Politicians Bargain? : Evidence from Ultimatum Games with Legislators in Five Countries American Political Science Review ; 2023. - Cambridge University Press. - ISSN 0003-0554. - eISSN 1537-5943

    How Do Politicians Bargain? : Evidence from Ultimatum Games with Legislators in Five Countries


    Politicians regularly bargain with colleagues and other actors. Bargaining dynamics are central to theories of legislative politics and representative democracy, bearing directly on the substance and success of legislation, policy, and on politicians’ careers. Yet, controlled evidence on how legislators bargain is scarce. Do they apply different strategies when engaging different actors? If so, what are they, and why? To study these questions, we field an ultimatum game bargaining experiment to 1,100 sitting politicians in Belgium, Canada, Germany, Switzerland, and the United States. We find that politicians exhibit a strong partisan bias when bargaining, a pattern that we document across all of our cases. The size of the partisan bias in bargaining is about double the size when politicians engage citizens than when they face colleagues. We discuss implications for existing models of bargaining and outline future research directions.

  • A pilot study of application of the Stroke Riskometer mobile app for assessment of the course and clinical outcomes of COVID-19 among hospitalised patients


    Introduction: Early determination of COVID-19 severity and health outcomes could facilitate better treatment of patients. Different methods and tools have been developed for predicting outcomes of COVID-19, but they are difficult to use in routine clinical practice.
    Methods: We conducted a prospective cohort study of inpatients aged 20-92 years, diagnosed with COVID-19 to determine whether their individual 5-year absolute risk of stroke at the time of hospital admission predicts the course of COVID-19 severity and mortality. The risk of stroke was determined by the Stroke Riskometer mobile application.
    Results: We examined 385 patients hospitalised with COVID-19 (median age 61 years). The participants were categorised based on COVID-19 severity: 271 (70.4%) to the “Not severe” and 114 (29.6%) to the “Severe” groups. The median risk of stroke the next day after hospitalisation was significantly higher among patients in the Severe group (2.83, 95% CI 2.35-4.68) vs the Not severe group (1.11, 95% CI 1.00–1.29). The median risk of stroke and median systolic blood pressure (SBP) were significantly higher among non-survivors (12.04, 95% CI 2.73-21.19) and (150, 95% CI 140-170) vs survivors (1.31, 95% CI 1.14-1.52) and (134, 95% CI 130-135), respectively. Those who spent more than 2.5 hours a week on physical activity were 3.1 times more likely to survive from COVID-19. Those who consumed more than one standard alcohol drink a day, or suffered with atrial fibrillation, or had poor memory were 2.5, 2.3, and 2.6 times more likely not to survive from COVID-19, respectively.
    Conclusions: High risk of stroke, physical inactivity, alcohol intake, high SBP, and atrial fibrillation are associated with severity and mortality of COVID-19. Our findings suggest that the Stroke Riskometer app could be used as a simple predictive tool of COVID-19 severity and mortality.

  • (2023): Systematic mapping of gender equality and social inclusion in WASH interventions : knowledge clusters and gaps BMJ Global Health ; 8 (2023), 1. - e010850. - BMJ Publishing Group. - eISSN 2059-7908

    Systematic mapping of gender equality and social inclusion in WASH interventions : knowledge clusters and gaps


    Introduction: Poor access to water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) services threatens population health and contributes to gender and social inequalities, especially in low-resource settings. Despite awareness in the WASH sector of the importance of promoting gender equality and social inclusion (GESI) to address these inequalities, evaluations of interventions focus largely on health outcomes, while gender equality and other social outcomes are rarely included. This review aimed to collate and describe available research evidence of GESI outcomes evaluated in WASH intervention studies.

    Methods: We applied a systematic mapping methodology and searched for both academic and grey literature published between 2010 and 2020 in 16 bibliographic databases and 53 specialist websites. Eligibility screening (with consistency checking) was conducted according to predetermined criteria, followed by metadata coding and narrative synthesis.

    Results: Our evidence base comprises 463 intervention studies. Only 42% of studies measured transformative GESI outcomes of WASH interventions, referring to those that seek to transform gender relations and power imbalances to promote equality. A majority of studies disaggregated outcome data by sex, but other forms of data disaggregation were limited. Most included studies (78%) lacked a specific GESI mainstreaming component in their intervention design. Of the interventions with GESI mainstreaming, the majority targeted women and girls, with very few focused on other social groups or intersectional considerations.

    Conclusion: The review points to various areas for future primary and secondary research. Given the potential contribution of WASH to GESI, GESI considerations should be incorporated into the evaluation of WASH interventions. Regular collection of data and monitoring of GESI outcomes is needed as well as developing new and testing existing methods for monitoring and evaluation of such data.

  • A simplified and masking‐free doping process for interdigitated back contact solar cells using an atmospheric pressure chemical vapor deposition borosilicate glass / phosphosilicate glass layer stack for laser doping followed by a high temperature step


    In this paper a simplified approach for the generation of laterally p- and n-doped structures applicable for cost-effective production of interdigitated back contact (IBC) solar cells is presented. We use a stack of doping glasses deposited by atmospheric pressure chemical vapor deposition (APCVD), consisting of borosilicate glass (BSG) and phosphosilicate glass (PSG) on Czochralski-grown (Cz) silicon substrates. A laser process creates the p-doped regions by local liquid phase diffusion of boron from the BSG layer into the underlying molten Cz-Si substrate. Simultaneously, the BSG-PSG stack is removed by laser ablation. In a subsequent high-temperature step, phosphorus diffuses from the remaining PSG-BSG layer into the crystalline silicon substrate under inert gas atmosphere, creating complementary to laser doped areas n+-doped regions. By the use of APCVD, phosphorus and boron contents of the doping glasses can be adjusted freely to vary the resulting p- and n-doped profiles. A higher boron content in the BSG layer enhances the diffusion of phosphorus through the BSG, especially at lower diffusion temperatures. The resulting doping profiles are characterized using electrochemical capacitance-voltage measurements and the resulting sheet resistances using the four-point probe method. The amount of minority dopant contamination in n- and p-doped regions is investigated by secondary ion mass spectrometry. Furthermore, transfer length method (TLM)-measurements indicate contactability of the generated doped regions.

  • (2023): The swan genome and transcriptome, it is not all black and white Genome Biology ; 24 (2023), 1. - 13. - Springer. - ISSN 1465-6906. - eISSN 1474-760X

    The swan genome and transcriptome, it is not all black and white


    Background: The Australian black swan ( Cygnus atratus ) is an iconic species with contrasting plumage to that of the closely related northern hemisphere white swans. The relative geographic isolation of the black swan may have resulted in a limited immune repertoire and increased susceptibility to infectious diseases, notably infectious diseases from which Australia has been largely shielded. Unlike mallard ducks and the mute swan ( Cygnus olor ), the black swan is extremely sensitive to highly pathogenic avian influenza. Understanding this susceptibility has been impaired by the absence of any available swan genome and transcriptome information.

    Results: Here, we generate the first chromosome-length black and mute swan genomes annotated with transcriptome data, all using long-read based pipelines generated for vertebrate species. We use these genomes and transcriptomes to show that unlike other wild waterfowl, black swans lack an expanded immune gene repertoire, lack a key viral pattern-recognition receptor in endothelial cells and mount a poorly controlled inflammatory response to highly pathogenic avian influenza. We also implicate genetic differences in SLC45A2 gene in the iconic plumage of the black swan.

    Conclusion: Together, these data suggest that the immune system of the black swan is such that should any avian viral infection become established in its native habitat, the black swan would be in a significant peril.

  • (2023): Human lung carcinomas synthesize immunoregulatory glucocorticoids Genes & Immunity ; 24 (2023). - S. 52-56. - Springer Nature. - ISSN 1466-4879. - eISSN 1476-5470

    Human lung carcinomas synthesize immunoregulatory glucocorticoids


    The need for new options in lung cancer treatment inevitably leads back to basic research. The tumor itself and the tumor environment especially the interaction with the immune system need to be better understood to develop targeted therapies. In the context of lung cancer glucocorticoids (GC) are mainly known as a combination drug to attenuate side-effects of chemotherapies. However, endogenous extra-adrenal GC have been shown to substantially regulate local immune responses within various tissues, including the lung. In this study we investigated whether primary lung tumors have maintained the capacity to synthesize GC and may thereby regulate anti-tumor immune responses. We show that several non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) and small cell lung carcinoma (SCLC) cell lines express key steroidogenic enzymes and synthesize bioactive GC under steady state conditions. We also show that tumor-derived GC can inhibit splenic T cell activation, thus demonstrating their immunoregulatory potential. Moreover, steroidogenic enzymes were detected by quantitative RT-PCR and immunohistochemistry in tissue sections of different human lung tumors, further strengthening the idea that human lung carcinomas regulate their microenvironment by releasing immunoregulatory GC, which potentially contributes to immune evasion and treatment resistance.

  • (2023): The naturalized vascular flora of Malesia Biological Invasions ; 25 (2023). - S. 1339-1357. - Springer. - ISSN 1387-3547. - eISSN 1573-1464

    The naturalized vascular flora of Malesia


    Major regional gaps exist in the reporting and accessibility of naturalized plant species distribution data, especially within Southeast Asia. Here, we present the Malesian Naturalized Alien Flora database (MalNAF), the first standardized island-group level checklist of naturalized vascular plant species for the Malesian phytogeographical region. We used MalNAF to investigate the composition, origins, and habitat preferences of the naturalized flora. The naturalized vascular flora of Malesia consists of at least 1177 species. Richness is highest in the Philippines (539 spp.) and lowest in the Maluku Islands (87 spp.). But, the Lesser Sunda Islands had the highest naturalized species richness relative to native richness and Singapore has a higher naturalized plant species richness than would be expected given its size. When comparing the data for Malesia with a global dataset, we found that naturalized richness increased with area for islands but not for continental regions. Across the archipelago, 31 species are widespread, occurring in every island group, but the majority have a limited distribution of 2.4 ± 2.3 (mean ± SD) island groups per naturalized species. The naturalized plant species are representatives of 150 families, twenty of which are newly introduced to the region. Families richest in naturalized plant species in Malesia were Fabaceae (= Leguminosae) (160 spp.), Poaceae (= Gramineae) (138 spp.), and Asteraceae (= Compositae) (96 spp.). Most of these have a native range that includes tropical Asia, closely followed by those from Southern America (inclusive of the Caribbean, Central and South America), although at the island-group level, most have a higher proportion with a Southern American native range. Most naturalized species occur in anthropogenic habitats, but many are present in “natural” habitats with fewer species, such as Leucaena leucocephala, reported from specialized habitats like drylands. MalNAF provides a baseline for future studies of naturalized plant species distributions in the region.

  • (2023): Who cares for the future? : Exploring public attitudes towards the needs of future generations in Germany Journal of European Public Policy ; 2023. - Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group. - ISSN 1350-1763. - eISSN 1466-4429

    Who cares for the future? : Exploring public attitudes towards the needs of future generations in Germany


    This paper studies the determinants of support for future generations, using novel survey data for the case of Germany. I find significant, but not overwhelming support for prioritizing the needs of future generations vs. the acute needs of present-day citizens. Moreover, individual-level and contextual factors matter too. High-income and highly educated citizens are on average more supportive of the needs of future generations, the elderly and women less so. Left-wing supporters are equally more supportive of future generations, especially supporters of the Greens and those subscribing to ‘green-alternative-liberal’ values. Supporters of the right-wing populist AfD are most strongly opposed. General political trust boosts support for future generations, and economically thriving local economies are associated with higher levels of support for future generations as well.

  • (2023): Knowledge, skills or social mobility? : Citizens' perceptions of the purpose of education Social Policy & Administration ; 57 (2023), 2. - S. 122-143. - Wiley. - ISSN 0144-5596. - eISSN 1467-9515

    Knowledge, skills or social mobility? : Citizens' perceptions of the purpose of education


    This article explores individual views of the purpose of education. Most existing research focuses on attitudes and policy preferences; while these types of perceptions have so far been largely overlooked due to a lack of data. Our analysis of original survey data in eight Western European countries shows that personal socioeconomic factors and ideological predispositions shape these individual opinions. Individuals with higher levels of education and income are more likely to view education as aimed at expanding knowledge as goal by itself, and less likely to view it as a tool to promote intergenerational social mobility. Left-leaning individuals are also more likely to regard education as a goal by itself, and less likely to view it as conferring useful labour market skills for the younger generation. Finally, we investigate the relationship between these different views and individual preferences for social policies. Our results show that the perception of education as promoting intergenerational mobility is strongly associated with support for passive transfers, while the perception of education as conferring marketable skills increases support for workfare policies. Social investment policies, because they are widely supported in the population, are not linked to specific views on education.

  • (2023): Der Corona-Skeptiker als Rationalist Frankfurter Allgemeine Sonntagszeitung ; Nr. 2 vom 15. Jan. 2023. - S. 56

    Der Corona-Skeptiker als Rationalist



    dc.contributor.author: Holzer, Boris

Beim Zugriff auf die Publikationen ist ein Fehler aufgetreten. Bitte versuchen Sie es erneut und informieren Sie im Wiederholungsfall support@uni-konstanz.de